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SIGNAL(7) Miscellaneous Information Manual SIGNAL(7)


signalsignal facilities


The <signal.h> header file defines the following signals:

Value Name Default Action Description
1 SIGHUP terminate process terminal line hangup
2 SIGINT terminate process interrupt program
3 SIGQUIT create core image quit program
4 SIGILL create core image illegal instruction
5 SIGTRAP create core image trace trap
6 SIGABRT create core image abort(3) call (formerly SIGIOT)
7 SIGEMT create core image emulate instruction executed
8 SIGFPE create core image floating-point exception
9 SIGKILL terminate process kill program (cannot be caught or ignored)
10 SIGBUS create core image bus error
11 SIGSEGV create core image segmentation violation
12 SIGSYS create core image invalid system call argument
13 SIGPIPE terminate process write to a pipe with no reader
14 SIGALRM terminate process real-time timer expired
15 SIGTERM terminate process software termination signal
16 SIGURG discard signal urgent condition present on socket
17 SIGSTOP stop process stop (cannot be caught or ignored)
18 SIGTSTP stop process stop signal generated from keyboard
19 SIGCONT discard signal continue after stop (even if blocked or ignored)
20 SIGCHLD discard signal child status has changed
21 SIGTTIN stop process background read attempted from control terminal
22 SIGTTOU stop process background write attempted to control terminal
23 SIGIO discard signal I/O is possible on a descriptor (see fcntl(2))
24 SIGXCPU terminate process CPU time limit exceeded (see setrlimit(2))
25 SIGXFSZ terminate process file size limit exceeded (see setrlimit(2))
26 SIGVTALRM terminate process virtual time alarm (see setitimer(2))
27 SIGPROF terminate process profiling timer alarm (see setitimer(2))
28 SIGWINCH discard signal window size change
29 SIGINFO discard signal status request from keyboard
30 SIGUSR1 terminate process user-defined signal 1
31 SIGUSR2 terminate process user-defined signal 2
32 SIGPWR discard signal power failure/restart

A function that is async-signal-safe is either reentrant or non-interruptible by signals. This means that they can be used in signal handlers and in the child of threaded programs after doing fork(2).

The following functions are async-signal-safe. Any function not listed below is unsafe to use in signal handlers.

_Exit(2), _exit(2), abort(3), accept(2), access(2), alarm(3), bind(2), cfgetispeed(3), cfgetospeed(3), cfsetispeed(3), cfsetospeed(3), chdir(2), chmod(2), chown(2), clock_gettime(2), close(2), connect(2), creat(3), dup(2), dup2(2), execle(3), execve(2), fchmod(2), fchown(2), fcntl(2), fdatasync(2), fork(2), fpathconf(2), fstat(2), fsync(2), ftruncate(2), getegid(2), geteuid(2), getgid(2), getgroups(2), getpeername(2), getpgrp(2), getpid(2), getppid(2), getsockname(2), getsockopt(2), getuid(2), kill(2), link(2), listen(2), lseek(2), lstat(2), mkdir(2), mkfifo(2), open(2), pathconf(2), pause(3), pipe(2), poll(2), pthread_mutex_unlock(3), raise(3), read(2), readlink(2), recv(2), recvfrom(2), recvmsg(2), rename(2), rmdir(2), select(2), sem_post(3), send(2), sendmsg(2), sendto(2), setgid(2), setpgid(2), setsid(2), setsockopt(2), setuid(2), shutdown(2), sigaction(2), sigaddset(3), sigdelset(3), sigemptyset(3), sigfillset(3), sigismember(3), sleep(3), signal(3), sigpause(3), sigpending(2), sigprocmask(2), sigset(3), sigsuspend(2), sockatmark(3), socket(2), socketpair(2), stat(2), symlink(2), sysconf(3), tcdrain(3), tcflow(3), tcflush(3), tcgetattr(3), tcgetpgrp(3), tcsendbreak(3), tcsetattr(3), tcsetpgrp(3), time(3), timer_getoverrun(2), timer_gettime(2), timer_settime(2), times(3), umask(2), uname(3), unlink(2), utime(3), wait(2), waitpid(2), write(2).


These signals conform to IEEE Std 1003.1-1990 (“POSIX.1”), with the exception of SIGTRAP, SIGEMT, SIGBUS, SIGSYS, SIGURG, SIGIO, SIGXCPU, SIGXFSZ, SIGVTALRM, SIGPROF, SIGWINCH, and SIGINFO which are Berkeley extensions (available on most BSD-derived systems), and SIGPWR which comes from System V.


SIGPWR was introduced in NetBSD 1.4.


The current NetBSD kernel never generates the SIGPWR signal.
July 18, 2014 NetBSD 7.0