Manual browser: mail.local(8)

MAIL.LOCAL(8) System Manager's Manual MAIL.LOCAL(8)


mail.localstore mail in a mailbox


mail.local [-l] [-f from] user ...


mail.local reads the standard input up to an end-of-file and appends it to each user's mail file. The user must be a valid user name.

The options are as follows:

-f from
Specify the sender's name.
Request that username.lock files be used for locking.

Individual mail messages in the mailbox are delimited by an empty line followed by a line beginning with the string ``From ''. A line containing the string ``From '', the sender's name and a time stamp is prepended to each delivered mail message. A blank line is appended to each message. A greater-than character (``>'') is prepended to any line in the message which could be mistaken for a ``From '' delimiter line.

If the [-l] flag is specified mailbox locking is done with username.lock files. Otherwise, the mailbox is exclusively locked with flock(2) while mail is appended.

If the ``biff'' service is returned by getservbyname(3), the biff server is notified of delivered mail.

The mail.local utility exits 0 on success, and >0 if an error occurs.


Used to set the appropriate time zone on the timestamp.


temporary files
user's mailbox directory


A superset of mail.local (handling mailbox reading as well as mail delivery) appeared in Version 7 AT&T UNIX as the program mail(1).
December 11, 1993 NetBSD 7.0