Manual browser: sliplogin(8)
|SLIPLOGIN(8)||System Manager's Manual||SLIPLOGIN(8)|
NAMEsliplogin — attach a serial line network interface
DESCRIPTIONsliplogin is used to turn the terminal line on standard input into a Serial Line IP (SLIP) link to a remote host. To do this, the program searches the file /etc/sliphome/slip.hosts for an entry matching loginname (which defaults to the current login name if omitted). If a matching entry is found, the line is configured appropriately for slip (8-bit transparent i/o) and converted to SLIP line discipline. Then a shell script is invoked to initialize the slip interface with the appropriate local and remote IP address, netmask, etc.
The usual initialization script is /etc/sliphome/slip.login but, if particular hosts need special initialization, the file /etc/sliphome/slip.login.loginname will be executed instead if it exists. The script is invoked with the parameters
- The unit number of the slip interface assigned to this line. E.g., 0 for sl0.
- The speed of the line.
- The arguments from the /etc/sliphome/slip.hosts entry, in order starting with loginname.
Only the super-user may attach a network interface. The interface is automatically detached when the other end hangs up or the sliplogin process dies. If the kernel slip module has been configured for it, all routes through that interface will also disappear at the same time. If there is other processing a site would like done on hangup, the file /etc/sliphome/slip.logout or /etc/sliphome/slip.logout.loginname is executed if it exists. It is given the same arguments as the login script.
Format of /etc/sliphome/slip.hostsComments (lines starting with a `#') and blank lines are ignored. Other lines must start with a loginname but the remaining arguments can be whatever is appropriate for the slip.login file that will be executed for that name. Arguments are separated by white space and follow normal sh(1) quoting conventions (however, loginname cannot be quoted). Usually, lines have the form
loginname local-address remote-address netmask opt-args
where local-address and remote-address are the IP host names or addresses of the local and remote ends of the slip line and netmask is the appropriate IP netmask. These arguments are passed directly to ifconfig(8). opt-args are optional arguments used to configure the line.
EXAMPLESThe normal use of sliplogin is to create a /etc/passwd entry for each legal, remote slip site with sliplogin as the shell for that entry. E.g.,
Sfoo:ikhuy6:2010:1:slip line to foo:/tmp:/usr/sbin/sliplogin
(Our convention is to name the account used by remote host hostname as Shostname.) Then an entry is added to slip.hosts that looks like:
Sfoo `hostname` foo netmask
where `hostname` will be evaluated by sh(1) to the local host name and netmask is the local host IP netmask.
Note that sliplogin must be setuid to root and, while not a security hole, moral defectives can use it to place terminal lines in an unusable state and/or deny access to legitimate users of a remote slip line. To prevent this, a site can create a group, say slip, that only the slip login accounts are put in then make sure that /usr/sbin/sliplogin is in group slip and mode 4550 (setuid root, only group slip can execute binary).
DIAGNOSTICSsliplogin logs various information to the system log daemon, syslogd(8), with a facility code of daemon. The messages are listed here, grouped by severity level.
- ioctl (TCGETS): reason
A TCGETS ioctl() to get the line parameters failed.
- ioctl (TCSETS): reason
A TCSETS ioctl() to set the line parameters failed.
- /etc/sliphome/slip.hosts: reason
The /etc/sliphome/slip.hosts file could not be opened.
- access denied for user
- No entry for user was found in /etc/sliphome/slip.hosts.
- attaching slip unit unit for loginname
- SLIP unit unit was successfully attached.
HISTORYThe sliplogin command is currently in beta test.
|January 5, 1994||NetBSD 7.0|