Manual browser: uvm_map(9)
|UVM_MAP(9)||Kernel Developer's Manual||UVM_MAP(9)|
NAMEuvm_map — virtual address space management interface
uvm_map(struct vm_map *map, vaddr_t *startp, vsize_t size, struct uvm_object *uobj, voff_t uoffset, vsize_t align, uvm_flag_t flags);
uvm_unmap(struct vm_map *map, vaddr_t start, vaddr_t end);
uvm_map_pageable(struct vm_map *map, vaddr_t start, vaddr_t end, bool new_pageable, int lockflags);
uvm_map_checkprot(struct vm_map *map, vaddr_t start, vaddr_t end, vm_prot_t protection);
uvm_map_protect(struct vm_map *map, vaddr_t start, vaddr_t end, vm_prot_t new_prot, bool set_max);
uvm_deallocate(struct vm_map *map, vaddr_t start, vsize_t size);
struct vmspace *
uvmspace_alloc(vaddr_t min, vaddr_t max);
uvmspace_exec(struct lwp *l, vaddr_t start, vaddr_t end);
struct vmspace *
uvmspace_fork(struct vmspace *vm);
uvmspace_free(struct vmspace *vm);
uvmspace_share(struct proc *p1, struct proc *p2);
DESCRIPTIONThe UVM facility for virtual address space management.
FUNCTIONSuvm_map() establishes a valid mapping in map map, which must be unlocked. The new mapping has size size, which must be a multiple of PAGE_SIZE.
The uobj and uoffset arguments can have four meanings:
- When uobj is NULL and uoffset is UVM_UNKNOWN_OFFSET, uvm_map() does not use the machine-dependent PMAP_PREFER function.
- When uobj is NULL and uoffset is any other value, it is used as the hint to PMAP_PREFER.
- When uobj is not NULL and uoffset is UVM_UNKNOWN_OFFSET, uvm_map() finds the offset based upon the virtual address, passed as startp.
- When uobj is not NULL and uoffset is any other value, then a regular mapping is performed at this offset. The start address of the map will be returned in startp.
align specifies alignment of mapping unless UVM_FLAG_FIXED is specified in flags. align must be a power of 2.
flags passed to uvm_map() are typically created using the UVM_MAPFLAG(vm_prot_t prot, vm_prot_t maxprot, vm_inherit_t inh, int advice, int flags) macro, which uses the following values.
The values that prot and maxprot can take are:
- No protection bits.
- Mask to extraction the protection bits.
The values that inh can take are:
- Share the map.
- Copy the map.
- No inheritance.
- Mask to extract inherit flags.
The values that advice can take are:
- "Normal" use.
- "Random" access likelihood.
- "Sequential" access likelihood.
- Mask to extract the advice flags.
The values that flags can take are:
- Attempt to map on the address specified by startp. Otherwise, it is used just as a hint.
- Establish overlay.
- Do not merge map entries, if such merge is possible.
- Use copy-on-write i.e. do not fault in the pages immediately.
- Used for BSS: allocate larger amap, if extending is likely.
- Fail if cannot acquire the lock immediately.
- Not allowed to sleep. Fail, in such case.
- Indicates that map entry cannot be split once mapped.
- Sleep until VA space is available, if it is not.
- Unmap only VA space. Used by uvm_unmap().
The UVM_MAPFLAG macro arguments can be combined with an or operator. There are several special purpose macros for checking protection combinations, e.g., the UVM_PROT_WX. There are also some additional macros to extract bits from the flags. The UVM_PROTECTION, UVM_INHERIT, UVM_MAXPROTECTION and UVM_ADVICE macros return the protection, inheritance, maximum protection, and advice, respectively. uvm_map() returns zero on success or error number otherwise.
uvm_unmap() removes a valid mapping, from start to end, in map map, which must be unlocked.
uvm_map_pageable() changes the pageability of the pages in the range from start to end in map map to new_pageable. uvm_map_pageable() returns zero on success or error number otherwise.
uvm_map_checkprot() checks the protection of the range from start to end in map map against protection. This returns either true or false.
uvm_map_protect() changes the protection start to end in map map to new_prot, also setting the maximum protection to the region to new_prot if set_max is true. This function returns a standard UVM return value.
uvm_deallocate() deallocates kernel memory in map map from address start to start + size.
uvmspace_alloc() allocates and returns a new address space, with ranges from min to max.
uvmspace_exec() either reuses the address space of thread l (its process) if there are no other references to it, or creates a new one with uvmspace_alloc(). The range of valid addresses in the address space is reset to start through end.
uvmspace_fork() creates and returns a new address space based upon the vm address space, typically used when allocating an address space for a child process.
uvmspace_free() lowers the reference count on the address space vm, freeing the data structures if there are no other references.
uvmspace_share() causes process p2 to share the address space of p1.
uvm_uarea_alloc() allocates memory for a u-area (i.e. kernel stack, PCB, etc) and returns the address.
uvm_uarea_free() frees a u-area allocated with uvm_uarea_alloc().
uvm_uarea_system_alloc() and uvm_uarea_system_free() are optimized routines, which are used for kernel threads.
HISTORYUVM and uvm_map first appeared in NetBSD 1.4.
|May 20, 2014||NetBSD 7.0|